Knee Osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease or “wear and tear” arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common chronic condition of the knee joint. It is a condition affecting the natural cushioning, or cartilage, between joints in the knee.
Healthy joints are well cushioned by cartilage and having lubricating fluid that is allowing joints to be moving with almost friction-less ease. But the inflammation in arthritic joints can render even small movements difficult and painful.
Although there is no cure for most types of arthritis, there are treatments that can help you significantly reduce the pain and preserve existing joint function. Our team can help you explore the best way to manage your knee arthritis and get you back to the everyday activities you enjoy.
Possible Causes of Knee Arthritis
Osteoarthritis, the most common type of arthritis, is the breakdown of cartilage that keeps bones from rubbing together. It most commonly occurs in the weight-bearing joints, such as the hips and knees, and can be made worse by overweight.
As the cartilage wears away, the bone underlying it degenerates, and other parts of the joint, such as ligaments and muscles, become altered as well. Usually appearing at middle age and developing slowly, osteoarthritis is characterized by pain that gets worse as the day goes on, stiffness and decreased motion, swelling in the joint, sounds (like clicking or crunching noises) when moving the affected joint and visible deformity of the joint.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is another condition that also causes inflammation of the hip, knee joints along with other small joints of the hands and surrounding tissues. However, unlike osteoarthritis, RA also affect the organ systems of the body. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that occurs when abnormally the body immune system attacks its own tissues and organs. Other less common causes of joint arthritis may include infection and gout.
The most common symptoms of patients with knee arthritis include:
- Decreased range of motion
- Swelling in the joint
- Clicking or crunching noises when moving
Since knee arthritis can be caused by a multiple underlying problems – from wear and tear, to infection, to immune disorders – a diagnosis of the underlying cause of the problem is a key to determine the most appropriate plan of care.
At MAPMSC, only by getting to know more specifically about you through our comprehensive multi systemic medical history and examination, the type and the choices of your treatment plan will be tailored.
- Knee Joint Steroid Injection
- Hyaluronic acid products Injection, like Synvisc and Hyalgan
- Peripheral Nerves Cryoablation
- Knee joint targeted exercises
- Based on evaluation, part of the treatment plan might require some tests & imaging to be done and evaluation by other care team members like Physical Therapist, Rheumatologist, Orthopedic knee specialist.